The structure of ape (<em>hominoide</em><em>a</em>) intelligence.

We used contemporary psychometric theory of intelligence and confirmatory factor analysis to reanalyze data obtained on samples of nonhuman primates administered the Primate Cognition Test Battery. Our main goals were to interpret stability of the Primate Cognition Test Battery tasks and factors over time and to determine whether the cognitive factors that emerge from confirmatory factor analysis for apes can be interpreted from the perspective of a major theory of human intelligence, namely, the Cattell—Horn—Carroll model. We also analyzed data for 2½-year-old children on Wechsler’s preschool test to afford a comparison between ape and child cognitive factors. Results indicated that multiple cognitive abilities provide the best factor solutions for both apes and children, and that the ape factors can be meaningfully interpreted from Cattell—Horn—Carroll theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)