Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of the Nightmare Proneness Scale.

The current study examined the validity of the Nightmare Proneness Scale (NPS; Kelly, 2018) as measuring a personality disposition that predisposes individuals to experience frequent nightmares. The NPS and measures to estimate its convergent and discriminant validity were administered to a sample of 140 university students. The convergent validity of the scale was supported through significant correlations with nightmare frequency, nightmare distress, nightmare effects, general psychological distress, neuroticism, and trauma symptoms. Discriminant validity was demonstrated through nonsignificant correlations with feminine gender role, habitual sleep length, and social desirability. Regression results indicated that the NPS significantly predicted incremental variance in nightmares above general distress, neuroticism, and trauma symptoms combined as well as above nightmare distress and nightmare effects. The results and suggestions for additional research on the NPS and nightmare proneness were suggested. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)